Fort Royal, Worcester

Map Fort Royal and part of the fortifications of Worcester.

During the English Civil War, a quadrangular earthwork known as Fort Royal was constructed by the royalists in 1651. The fort was sited on a hill overlooking the city, from where besieging artillery had been able to do much damage to the walls during the siege in 1646.

The fort had 4 bastions, and was a typical of a civil war fortification known as a sconce. It would have been made of earth, probably with a wooden pallisade round the top and gun embrasures dug into the walls.

View over the city of Worcester from Fort Royal. On the right the remains of one of the fort's bastions can be seen.

Lines of fortificaton were also constructed connecting the fort to the city walls, to enable communication between the two and to protect the royalist command post, which was just outside the city walls.

Map of worcester, showing the civil war defences.

The city walls themselves were medieval, though they were protected by the addition of several bulwarks, or bastions, as was common during the war. A redoubt was constructed to the south of the river Severn to protect the bridge.

Visiting Fort Royal

Being an earthwork, very little of Fort Royal has survived. The northern side has been built over, but the two southwest bastions can still be made out in Fort Royal park, and traces of the eastern bastion can be seen.

Left: Aerial view of Fort Royal today. Right: A rough outline of the fort overlayed on the same picture.
Fort Royal today.

Parts of the city walls can still be seen, and there is a civil war museum at the commandery, the royalist command post during the Battle of Worcester. Worcester is easily accessible by rail, with Fort Royal park and the commandery museum a short walk from the city centre.

Condition Access to fortifications Size of fortress Accessability of town Museum/Info Overall score
2 6 2 7 6 4.6
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