Le Château d'Oléron

Le Château d'Oléron was originally a medieval château, which was superceeded by a more modern citadel, finished in 1642. The citadel was strengthened after a Dutch naval raid in 1674 highlighted weakensses in the coastal defence system. This consisted of casemated'batteries in the seaward bastions'and a second enceinte on the landward side.

Le Château d'Oléron

After Vauban'became superintendent of fortifications, he visited Le Château and drew up a proposal for enclosing the town (with arrow-headed bastions, according to his first system) as well as replacing the citadel's second enceinte (which was of dubious value) with a hornwork. He then made a second proposal for the town's fortifications using the tower bastions'and counterguards'of his 'second system'. Work began in 1691, but progressed sporadically before being terminated in 1714, leaving the town's defences without any outworks. One of the detached bastions was made as an earth-work, but was never revetted - this can be seen on the relief map.
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Le Château d'Oléron Le Château d'Oléron
The citadel. Detail showing the outworks and redoubts on the far side of the citadel.
The town's defences. A small redoubt to the south of the citadel.
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