The history of Antibes goes back to ancient times, and the first fortifications there were probably built by the romans. Possessing a large natural harbour, the town became an important stopping place for ships. Antibes became the only town between Marseille and the Italian border to be surrounded by ramparts. In addition to the bastioned walls around the town, a small fort of four bastions (fort carré) was constructed on the northern side of the harbour and a large bastion on the breakwater offered protection to the harbour itself.
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